Precious metals, sparkling jewels, stunning designs, these are a few words that come to mind when you want to define a jewellery. However the world of gemstones and jewellery can amaze you with its unusual elements as well as facts. For a common man, jewellery stands for gold, silver and platinum with precious and semi precious gemstones but it has more to offer actually. Let’s enlighten ourselves reading unusual elements of the glittering trade.
It is assumed that jewellery dates back to 6000 BC. Though archaeologists have discovered jewellery made with bones crafted earlier also, metal jewellery is a new concept in mankind’s history and was introduced only in the last 8000 to 10000 years.
Initially iron was used to design jewellery until it was replaced by copper, silver and gold in 4000 BC. Today we have multiple choices to accessorize our looks. We can categorize these metals in three classes observing their physical, chemical and optical characteristics.
Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Metals
This is the first classification of jewellery metals that helps to differentiate metals. Ferrous metal includes all compounds having iron in less or more while non-ferrous metal is an umbrella term for metals lacking iron completely.
Base and Noble Metals
Base metals tend to oxidize or corrode such as iron, nickel, copper and aluminum. On the other hand, noble metal stands for non-reactive metals that are resistant to oxidation and crowns like gold, silver, platinum and rhodium.
Common Metals Used In Jewellery
Of course there are dozens of metals you can use to craft a state-of-art piece, still gold is in the king among metals due to its incomparable properties. The yellow metal with the mind-arresting lustre is no match and tops the list of precious metals in the jewellery sphere. Gold may be 24 Karat (99.9% pure), 22 Karat (91.7% pure), 18 Karat (75% pure) and 14 Karat (58.3% pure) as well as in different colours adding white, rose, pink and blue.
The white lustrous metal is perfect in every aspect be it is shine, look or price. Also known as poor’s gold, silver is cool to turn heads towards the jewellery wearer. Usually silver is used in two qualities – fine jewellery (99.9% pure) and sterling silver (92.5% pure).
Platinum is the new trend among millionaires and billionaires. Its’ extremely flawless shine suggests it superb to be worn in jewellery. Higher price is the only con of the white metal.
It’s an alloy of copper and zinc which is regarded by youngsters and teenagers due to its unique look. Brass is also praised by jewellery designers to produce a historical look in an article or a substitute to flaunt yellow in an unconventional way.
It’s hard, durable and easy to mould, which is why, stainless steel jewellery is getting appreciation by the new generation.
Usually tungsten jewellery is produced using “Tungsten Carbide”. It’s a hypoallergenic and harder than other noble metals that makes it favourite of all.
The rare metal belongs to platinum family is one of the most expensive metals on the earth. It is also used to polish silver jewellery to add in additional white lustre to the surface.