Jewellery adorns your beauty but gemstones are what ornament a jewellery design. Gemstones infuse glamour to any jewellery adding rainbow colours to precious metals to make it sparkling shining. Jewels are a must for an awesome jewellery design, however only few know that gemstones are classified into different families on the basis of their elemental structure. The biggest family is quartz family which offers many gorgeous gemstones to beautify your look.
Quartz – A Brief
Quartz is the second most ample mineral on the earth following feldspar. With a chemical structure of Silicon Oxygen tetrahedra (SiO4), quartz appears in all colours of spectrum in almost everywhere across the globe.
Its colour varies from white transparent, yellow, green and black. It contains a framework of SIO4 in 6-sided pyramidal structure which gives it hardness of 7 (may vary depending on the presence of impurities) on the Mohs Hardness scale. It occurs in vitreous waxy to dull lustre. It consists specific gravity of 2.65 with a melting point of 1670°C.
Quartz in History
The word quartz has roots in the German word “Quartz”. Many variations of quartz were used throughout the history. It is found regularly in passage tomb cemeteries in Europe. It was one of the most prized semi-precious gemstone in East Asia and Pre-Columbian America civilizations. In Greece, it was used to carve artefacts, crystal vases and vessels.
If historians and ancient beliefs are to be believed, quartz is water ice which contains miraculous sacred power and religious significance in that time societies. The stone was used in diverse uses as well as wearing in jewellery. In the 19th century, quartz’s piezoelectric properties were discovered only to be used in electronic industry extensively.
Quartz is found in granite, felsic igneous rocks and sedimentary rocks. Majorly it is mined is the United States, Brazil and some Southeast regions.
Varieties of Quartz
The Quartz family includes some of the most coveted stone’s names from gemstone industry such as amethyst, citrine, rose quartz, smoky quartz, milky quartz, mystic topaz, onyx, tiger’s eye.
Amethyst: The one of the most popular quartz gemstone, amethyst encircles various hues between green to violet-blue. Amethyst was also considered a sacred stone in ancient Greek-Roman civilization.
Citrine: The bright yellow citrine is cool to replace a yellow diamond due to its brilliant lustre and fire that’s why it’s worn to add a yellow touch to the attire.
Rose Quartz: It is a symbol of innocent love and communicate a feeling of hearts. It appears in different shades of pink and red colour.
Mystic Topaz: This sacred stone is used to produce synthetic topaz and amethyst.
Onyx: A beautiful gem comes in a stone with the framework of straight parallel bands.
Tiger’s Eye: This fabulous stone is known for displaying chatoyancy effect. It appears in fibrous gold to red-brown tints.
Besides above, other variations of quarts are chalcedony, agate, jasper, Aventurine, Rutilated quartz, milky quartz, smoky quartz and carnelian.