Diamond comes from the Greek word “adamus” which means unconquerable or invincible. The Aryan root word “dam,” means to tame or subdue and interestingly enough it is also the root word for madam. These two words came together to form the word diamond; the main objective was to describe a diamond and try to explain the very essence of the gem, i.e. the hardness, the brilliant and its ability to subdue its audience with little to no effort.The word
They started their journey in mankind as being worn only by men as they were supposedly able to instilll courage and virtue to soldiers in battle. It wasn’t until the mid-nineteenth century when Agnes Sorel, mistress to King Charles VII of France, began wearing diamonds and started the new fashion for women.
For centuries, many stories of murder and intrigue are from antiquity but are also found in our current urban legends. It’s no wonder with so many myths, urban legends and tales of intrigue attributed to diamonds that we have are fascinated with this gem stone. Murder, music and magic have all be associated with diamonds and each holds a thread of truth.
Some of the diamonds however are so deeply rooted in history that they tell us many stories. According to the tales, some of these diamonds are a curse; rare, expensive and tempting curse, and some are symbol of prosperity and made one of a kind wedding gifts. The diamonds we are talking about are the rarest and the most dramatic diamonds in the history of earth.
(1) The Kohinoor Diamond
Once known as the largest diamond, Kohinoor has emotional ties with Indians and a bloody history. The “Mountain of Light” diamond originated at Kollur, Guntur district in the state of Andhra Pradesh in India. In ancient time this precious diamond was owned by various Hindu, Mughal, Persian, Afghan, Sikh and British rulers. The diamond was originally discovered circa 5000 years ago. The first owner of the Koh-I-Noor diamond was the Raja of Malwa.
A myth surrounding this diamond is that it carries a curse and only when it is in possession of a woman the curse will not work. In ancient time, all the kings who owned it have either lost their throne or had other misfortunes befall on them. It has been said that whoever owns the Kohinoor diamond will control the world.
When the East Indian Company seized the diamond, it became part of the British Crown Jewels when Queen Victoria was proclaimed Empress of India in 1877. The British are aware of this curse and so far, Queen Victoria and Queen Elizabeth II are the only reigning monarchs to have worn the gem. Where the monarch is male, the stone is passed to his spouse.
(2) The Hope Diamond
“Le bleu de France” or “Le Bijou du Roi” is described as the “most famous diamond in the world” and is said to be the second most-visited artwork in the world, after the Mona Lisa. This Large superfine deep-blue diamond is housed in the Smithsonian Natural Museum in Washington, D.C.
It has been described as being “fancy dark greyish-blue” as well as being “dark blue in color” or having a “steely-blue” color. The stone exhibits an unusually intense and strongly colored type of luminescence: after exposure to short-wave ultraviolet light, the diamond produces brilliant red phosphorescence that persists for some time after the light source has been switched off. It weighs 45.52 carats. Its estimated value is $300–$350 million USD £150-£175 million GBP. It got its name in 1830 after the king Henry Philip Hope of London.
Several accounts, based on remarks written by the gem’s first known owner, French gem merchant Jean Baptiste Tavernier, suggest the gemstone originated in India, in the Kollur mine in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh (which at the time had been part of the Golconda kingdom), in the seventeenth century. This diamond has changed many hands and has even earned the reputation of being cursed.
Hollywood couldn’t make up a drama like the story of the Hope Diamond. It’s a fantastic mix of jaw-dropping beauty, mythic curse, untold wealth, larger-than-life characters and cutting-edge science.
(3) Darya-ye Noor
Darya-ye Noor means “Sea of Light”, or “Ocean of Light” in Persian; also spelled Darya-I-Noor, Darya-e Noor and Darya-inure-Nur) is one of the largest diamonds in the world, weighing an estimated 182 carats.
Is of the color pale pink, which is one of the rarest to be found in diamonds.
It is considered one of the oldest known diamonds to man. Darya-ye Noor Diamond is recognized as the possession of the first Mogul emperor of India and is ranked as the most eminent diamond among the Iranian Crown Jewels.
This diamond, was mined at the Golconda mines, more specifically Paritala-Kollur Mine in Andhra Pradesh, India. It was owned by the Mughal emperors.
Fath Ali Shah Qajar had his name inscribed on one facet of the diamond
The Darya-ye Noor presently forms part of the Iranian Crown Jewels and is on display at the Central Bank of Iran in Tehran.
(4) The Ocean Dream Diamond
The Ocean Dream is the only natural diamond known to the Gemological Institute of America to possess a blue-green hue, making it one of the rarest diamonds in the world.
Its distinct hue is a result of millions of years of exposure to natural radiation.
The Ocean Dream diamond originated in Central Africa, and is currently owned by the Cora Diamond Corporation.
This rare diamond weighs 5.51 carats. The Ocean Dream was displayed in the year 2003 as part of the Smithsonian’s “The Splendor of Diamonds” exhibit, alongside the De Beers Millennium Star, The Heart of Eternity and the Moussaieff Red.
Its color is so distinct that that many gemologists thought that it was synthetically colored in the laboratory and the most distinguished factor about Ocean American diamond is that no diamond has been found of this color and shape, till date.
(5) The Cullinan Diamond
The Cullinan Diamond is the largest rough gem-quality diamond ever found, at 3,106.75 carats. The Cullinan diamond was found by Thomas Evan Powell, a miner who brought it to the surface and gave it to Frederick Wells, surface manager of the Premier Diamond Mining Company in Cullinan, South Africa on January 26, 1905. The stone was named after Sir Thomas Cullinan, the owner of the diamond mine.
Sir William Crookes performed an analysis of the Cullinan diamond before it was cut and mentioned its remarkable clarity, but also a black spot in the middle. The colors around the black spot were very vivid and changed as the analyzer was turned. According to Crookes, this pointed to internal strain. Such strain is not uncommon in diamonds.
The stone was bought by the Transvaal government for $800,000 and presented to King Edward VII on his 66th birthday. Cullinan is now mounted in the head of the Scepter with the Cross. The special touch about this diamond is that it is renowned as the largest cut diamond was cut into three large parts by Asscher Brothers of Amsterdam, and eventually into 9 large gem-quality stones and a number of smaller fragments.
(6) Earth Star Diamond
The emergence of Earth Star diamond came from the 2,500-foot level of the volcanic diamond-bearing pipe.
The rough gem weighed 248.9 carats and was cut into a 111.59 carats pear-shaped gem with a strong brown color and extraordinary brilliance unusually seen in a gem of such a strong color.
The Earth Star Diamond was found on May 16, 1967 at South African mine of De Beers, the Jagersfontein Mine.
The diamond was bought in 1983 for $900,000.
The name of the diamond seems to have been inspired by two of the unique characters of the stone, viz. the strong brown color, and its extraordinary brilliance, which led the owner of the diamond, Mr. Joseph Baumgold, of New York, to name it the “Earth Star”.
(7) The Golden Jubilee Diamond
Golden Jubilee Diamond is currently the largest cut diamond in the world.
The Premier mine in South Africa which is one of the most famous diamond mines in the world operated by De Beers was the origin of the Cullinan diamonds as a rough stone of 755.5 carats in 1985.
The Golden Jubilee Diamond was named by King Bhumibol Adulyadej and given to him on occasion of his 50th coronation anniversary. The Golden Jubilee Diamond was firstly known as Unnamed Diamond before it was given a finishing touch. In the year 1955, it was purchased from De Beers by a group led by Henry Ho of Thailand after being cut into a 545.67 carats gem.
The Golden Jubilee Diamond has been exhibited at Henry Hos 59-story Jewelry Trade Center in Bangkok, the Central Department Store in Lad Prao (Bangkok) Thailand, and internationally in Basel (Switzerland), Borsheims in Omaha, USA (owned by Warren Buffetts Berkshire Hathaway Inc.), and Gleims Jewelers in Palo Alto, USA. It is now located in the Royal Thai Palace as part of the crown jewels. The Golden Jubilee Diamond is currently the largest cut diamond in the world. The Premier mine in South Africa which is one of the most famous diamond mines in the world operated by De Beers was the origin of the Cullinan diamonds as a rough stone of 755.5 carats in 1985. Its color has been graded as fancy yellow brown color.
(8) The Centenary Diamond
The De Beers Centenary Diamond is, at 273.85 carats, the third-largest diamond to have been produced in the Premier Mine.
It is the third-largest diamond to have been produced in the Premier Mine. Gemological Institute of America has rated the Centenary Diamond as grade D color, which is the highest grade of colorless diamond and is internally and externally flawless.
On May 11, in the year 1988 it was named as the Centenary Diamond as it was presented in the rough for the Centennial Celebration of De Beers Consolidated Mines. In May 1991, it was unveiled in its final form with complete cut & polish. Its estimated value is at least USD 100 million.
The final gem had 247 facets: 164 on the pavilion and crown, and 83 on the girdle. There were 13 designs presented to the De Beers board and with strong recommendation it was finally described like a heart-shape, but it does not have a groove. The image the team had in mind was a shape which would adorn the turban of a Sultan or a Maharaja.
(9) Spirit of de Grisogono Diamond
The Spirit of de Grisogono at 312.24 carats is the world’s largest cut black diamond, and the world’s 5th largest diamond, period.
In a white gold mounting, it is set with 702 white diamonds totaling 36.69 carats.
The man behind this fascination is famous Swiss jeweler de Grisogono.
He was the first major jeweler to create eye-catching collections of black diamond jewelry and watches.
This diamond took more than a year to cut.
This diamond originally had a rough weight of 587 carats and was mined several decades ago in west Central Africa before being imported into Switzerland.
It was then cut using the Mogul diamond cutting technique.
The cutting was done in Switzerland according to the historical diamond cutting method of the Mughal Empire in India.
(10) The Blue Heart Diamond
Also known as “Eugénie Blue” the diamond was cut in the cutting firm of Atanik Ekyanan of Neuilly, Paris in its heart shape.
The Blue Heart Diamond weighs 30.82 metric carats and is of a rare deep blue color.
Cartier purchased the diamond and sold it to an Argentinean woman named Mrs. Unzue in the year 1910.
At the time, it was set in a lily-of-the-valley corsage and remained so until Van Cleef & Arpels bought the gem in 1953.
They exhibited it set in a pendant to a necklace valued at $300,000 and sold it to a European titled family. In 1959 Harry Winston acquired the gem, selling it five years later, mounted in a ring, to Marjorie Merriweather Post.
Finally Mrs. Post donated to the Blue Heart to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. where it remains to this day.
(11) The Golden Eye Diamond
The Golden Eye Diamond is considered as the worlds largest, flawless, perfect-cut Canary Yellow diamond. It is a 43.5 carat Canary Yellow diamond.
The estimated value of the Golden Eye Diamond is around $20 million dollars. The diamond is so unique that it may be difficult to place a conventional value on it, though authorities plan to have it formally appraised.
It was clutched by federal authorities in Ohio. It was approved to be auctioned by a federal judge.
It has been originated in the famous Kimberley area of South Africa. It is one of the purest and rarest stones in the world which is the most precious and precious of all.
The presence of trace amounts of nitrogen is responsible for the yellow golden color in these diamonds. Internally flawless yellow diamonds account for less than 0.1% of all naturally occurring diamonds. Therefore the Golden Eye diamond is an extremely rare diamond.
The Golden Eye Diamond creates exceptional jewelry to adore.